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Welcome to Government-Pedia™ -- The Government Encyclopedia

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A Government is the body within a community, political entity or organization which has the authority to make and enforce rules, laws and regulations.

Typically, the term "government" refers to a civil government or sovereign state which can be either local, national, or international. However, commercial, academic, religious, or other formal organizations are also governed by internal bodies. Such bodies may be called boards of directors, managers, or governors or they may be known as the administration (as in schools) or councils of elders (as in churches). The size of governments can vary by region or purpose.

Growth of an organization advances the complexity of its government, therefore small towns or small-to-medium privately-operated enterprises will have fewer officials than typically larger organizations such as multinational corporations which tend to have multiple interlocking, hierarchical layers of administration and governance. As complexity increases and the nature of governance becomes more complicated, so does the need for formal policies and procedures.

Types of State Government:
Authoritarian – Authoritarian governments are characterized by an emphasis on the authority of the state in a republic or union. It is a political system controlled by nonelected rulers who usually permit some degree of individual freedom.

Constitutional monarchy – A government that has a monarch, but his/her power is strictly limited by the government. Example: United Kingdom.

Constitutional Republicc – Rule by a government composed of representatives who are voted into power by the people.

Democracy – Rule by a government where all [citizens] are represented but power is held by the majority.

Dictatorship – Rule by an individual who has full power over the country. See also Autocracy and Stratocracy.

Monarchy – Rule by an individual who has inherited the role and expects to bequeath it to their heir.

Oligarchy – Rule by a small group of people who share similar interests or family relations.

Plutocracy – A government composed of the wealthy class. Any of the forms of government listed here can be plutocracy. For instance, if all of the voted representatives in a republic are wealthy, then it is a republic and a plutocracy.

Theocracy – Rule by a religious elite.

Totalitarian – Totalitarian governments regulate nearly every aspect of public and private life.

The political philosophy of anarchism opposes government, and is not a form thereof—it is the belief that governments are harmful and unnecessary.

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